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The Peloponnese is the largest peninsula of Greece (21,439 km²) and has been inhabited since prehistoric times. It is in this region that the Mycenaean civilization flourished and the earliest three Greek peoples, the Achaeans, Ionians and Dorians lived. It was here in Ancient Olympia that the first Olympic Games took place and important city-states developed such as Argos, Corinth and Sparta. According to mythology the peninsula took its name from Pelops, an ancient king of Achaia who founded the Olympic Games.

Due to its size and varied landscape, the Peloponnese has a huge wealth of produce and tastes. It is the productive centre of the Mediterranean diet for produce such as olives, olive oil, wine, fruits and dairy products, which have been grown here for thousands of years. The quality of the soil, combined with the traditional agricultural methods which are passed on from generation to generation and the climate have resulted in a unique taste that is valued and recognized internationally as important for the correct diet.